Businesses and Governments have both always used money. Business uses it to facilitate commerce, the government uses it to collect tax. Government is for public purpose, so there is not competition for profit. There are bribes of government officials, and officials may compete for business favors (campaign donations), but those officials are not expected to create profit for the government. A businessman must make a profit or risk eventual loss of the business – he can’t raise a tax to cover his loss. Long ago the most astute businessmen learned that a critical advantage was gained if everyone else was kept in the dark about money operations. This was a very powerful critical advantage. If others didn’t know anything about money operations, they could be easily tricked. To facilitate the needed ignorance, they used primarily distraction and division. The most astute businessmen (plutocrats) distracted the focus on their tricks and misdeeds by pointing at their own minions (politicians). The politicians simply pointed back, blaming the plutocrats, and the protesters became divided. (Of course, some political minions blamed “the entitlement generation” and tried to take the heat off both the plutocrats and politicians.) Some protesters saw through this and sat down to study. For them the plutocrats created something called “schools of economic thought”. There are many of these “schools of thought” – wikipedia lists about thirty, but there are more. The protesters soon became confused. Which school was correct? Everyone took a position and the division and distraction continued. Here is the kicker: none were correct. All schools were presentations of economic theory. There were always lengthy discussions of fiscal and monetary policy, even brief descriptions of federal reserve operations. But the real knowledge about money remained hidden. By “real knowledge” I mean something that is not theory – I mean actual monetary operations. Who creates money, how and when do they do it, who do they give it to, what do they do with it? Knowledge of monetary operations is the critical advantage that allows the very rich to become even richer. This same knowledge can be used to bring prosperity to the 99%, not just the 1% and their minions. Why? Because if we begin our analysis armed with a clear description of what monetary operations are, then we start from a description. If we start from a theory, be it the “invisible hand” theory or whatever, we will depend on theory. I say, start with a description of how money works and doesn’t work in practice – not theory. If others are interested, I would like to begin with a question for discussion: Who creates money, and how do they do it? For starters, my answer to the question – the government. Let’s enjoy a friendly discussion/debate. Peace.